1) Beginning from the 25th of Kislev (this year from Saturday night, December 8th) we begin the festival of Hanukah - days of happiness and Hallel. We light oil or candles on each of the Eight Nights of Hanukah to publicize the miracle of the oil and our deliverance from the Greeks. During these days we are prohibited to fast or eulogize.
2) On the first night of Hanukah three blessings are recited "lehadlik ner Hanukah", "she'asah nisim", and "shehehiyanu". On the other nights the last beracha is not recited. One should not begin lighting until he has completed all necessary blessings.
3)On Saturday night the custom in one's home is to recite habdalah and then light the menorah.Whereas in the Synagogue the menorah is lit prior to making habdalah, the reason for this is because in the Synagogue we want to extend Shabbat as long as possible, you may ask, it is no longer Shabbat if we are already lighting the menorah? The answer is that Shabbat needs to have ended only for the one actually lighting the menorah. Whereas the rest of the congregation can let the sweetness of Shabbat linger just a little bit longer.
4) One should not pull his hand away from the wick until he has kindled the majority of the wick coming out of the candle. If the candles were lit in a place where they would not normally be extinguished by the wind, even if they are extinguished by the opening of the window, etc. he need not light again. There is also no need to change the wicks each night.
5) We begin with the light on the right side of the Menorah (plus the Shamash) on the first night, and add one more each consecutive night until on the Eighth Night we have 8 lights (and the Shamash). Please make sure to light from left to right. Women are obligated to partake in this Misva (to be there and answer Amen at the lighting of the lights), as they, too, were part of the miracle of Hanukah. 6) The proper time for lighting on all other nights is 20 minutes after sunset. The time continues until about a half-hour after nightfall (when the stars come out). If one could not light at the proper time he may still light throughout the night. After daybreak, however, he should light without the blessing. On all days there should be sufficient oil or a large enough candle to burn at least one half hour.
7) On Ereb Shabbat, candles must be lit before regular Shabbat candle lighting time, they must last, however until 1\2 hour after dark. A total of about 1 1\2 hours. This makes it necessary to prepare and light larger candles (such as Shabbat candles) or adding extra oil.
8) One may not perform the Misva with an electric Menorah. In the case where there is absolutely no oil or candles available- he should turn on the Menorah but he may not recite any blessing at all.
9) On the eight days of Hanukah we recite the Hallel in full, while on Purim, no Hallel is said. The reason for this is that the miracle of Hanukah happened in the Holy Land of Israel, while the miracle of Purim occurred in Persia outside of Israel.